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Cisco Security Advisory

Cisco Catalyst SSH Protocol Mismatch Vulnerability

Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20001213-catalyst-ssh-mismatch

http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20001213-catalyst-ssh-mismatch

Revision 1.2

For Public Release 2000 December 13 18:00  UTC (GMT)


Summary

Non-Secure Shell (SSH) connection attempts to an enabled SSH service on a Cisco Catalyst 6000, 5000, or 4000 switch might cause a "protocol mismatch" error, resulting in a supervisor engine failure. The supervisor engine failure causes the switch to fail to pass traffic and reboots the switch. This problem is resolved in release 6.1(1c). Due to a very limited number of customer downloads, Cisco has chosen to notify affected customers directly.

This vulnerability has been assigned Cisco bug ID CSCds85763.

The full text of this advisory can be viewed at http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20001213-catalyst-ssh-mismatch.

Affected Products

This section supplies details on affected products.

Vulnerable Products

Catalyst 6000, 5000, 4000 images with SSH support. Version 6.1(1), 6.1(1a), 6.1(1b) with 3 Data Encryption Standard (DES) features only.

Only the following images are affected:

  • cat4000-k9.6-1-1.bin
  • cat5000-sup3cvk9.6-1-1a.bin
  • cat5000-sup3k9.6-1-1.bin
  • cat5000-supgk9.6-1-1.bin
  • cat6000-sup2cvk9.6-1-1a.bin
  • cat6000-sup2k9.6-1-1a.bin
  • cat6000-supcvk9.6-1-1a.bin
  • cat6000-supk9.6-1-1a.bin
  • cat6000-sup2cvk9.6-1-1b.bin
  • cat6000-sup2k9.6-1-1b.bin
  • cat6000-supcvk9.6-1-1b.bin
  • cat6000-supk9.6-1-1b.bin

Products Confirmed Not Vulnerable

Cisco IOS 12.1 SSH implementation is not affected by this vulnerability. No other Cisco devices are affected.

Details

Non SSH protocol connection attempts to the SSH service cause a "protocol mismatch" error, which causes a switch to reload. SSH is not enabled by default, and must be configured by the administrator.

To verify if your image is affected, run the command show version. If the image filename is listed above, and you have enabled SSH, you are affected by this vulnerability and should upgrade to a fixed version immediately.

Vulnerability Scoring Details

Cisco has provided scores for the vulnerabilities in this advisory based on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). The CVSS scoring in this Security Advisory is done in accordance with CVSS version 2.0.

CVSS is a standards-based scoring method that conveys vulnerability severity and helps determine urgency and priority of response.

Cisco has provided a base and temporal score. Customers can then compute environmental scores to assist in determining the impact of the vulnerability in individual networks.

Cisco has provided an FAQ to answer additional questions regarding CVSS at
http://www.cisco.com/web/about/security/intelligence/cvss-qandas.html .

Cisco has also provided a CVSS calculator to help compute the environmental impact for individual networks at
http://intellishield.cisco.com/security/alertmanager/cvss .


Impact

This vulnerability enables a Denial of Service attack on the Catalyst switch.

Software Versions and Fixes

This defect is resolved in Cisco Catalyst version 6.1(1c). Previous affected versions will be deferred, and will no longer be available for customer download.


Workarounds

The workaround for this vulnerability is to disable SSH service. For most customers using this image, SSH support is necessary, so the recommended action is to upgrade to a fixed version.

Obtaining Fixed Software

Cisco is offering free software upgrades to remedy this vulnerability for all affected customers.

Customers with Service Contracts

Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their regular update channels. For most customers, this means that upgrades should be obtained via the Software Center on Cisco's Worldwide Web site at http://www.cisco.com.

Customers Using Third-Party Support Organizations

Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through prior or existing agreement with third-party support organizations such as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers should contact that support organization for guidance and assistance with the appropriate course of action in regards to this advisory.

The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific customer situations such as product mix, network topology, traffic behavior, and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected products and releases, customers should consult with their service provider or support organization to ensure any applied workaround or fix is the most appropriate for use in the intended network before it is deployed.

Customers Without Service Contracts

Customers without contracts should get their upgrades by contacting the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows:

  • +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
  • +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
  • e-mail: tac@cisco.com

Give the URL of this notice as evidence of your entitlement to a free upgrade. Free upgrades for non-contract customers must be requested through the TAC. Please do not contact either "psirt@cisco.com" or "security-alert@cisco.com" for software upgrades.

Exploitation and Public Announcements

This vulnerability was reported to Cisco by a customer who discovered the issue during routine networking tests. There has been no public disclosure, and no reports of malicious activity with regard to this vulnerability.

Status of This Notice: Final

THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY ANY KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS AT YOUR OWN RISK. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.

A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that omits the distribution URL in the following section is an uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain factual errors.


Distribution

This advisory will be posted on Cisco's worldwide website at http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20001213-catalyst-ssh-mismatch. In addition to Worldwide Web posting, a text version of this notice is clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the following e-mail recipients:

  • cust-security-announce@cisco.com
  • Various internal Cisco mailing lists
  • Specifically affected customers

Future updates of this notice, if any, will be placed on Cisco's Worldwide Web server, but may or may not be actively announced on mailing lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are encouraged to check the URL given above for any updates.


Revision History

1.2

2000-December-19

Updated list of affected products.

1.1

2000-December-16

Updated list of affected products.

1.0

2000-December-13

Initial public release.

Cisco Security Procedures

Complete information on reporting security vulnerabilities in Cisco products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and registering to receive security information from Cisco, is available on Cisco's worldwide website at http://www.cisco.com/web/about/security/psirt/security_vulnerability_policy.html. This includes instructions for press inquiries regarding Cisco security notices. All Cisco security advisories are available at http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt.


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