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Cisco Security Advisory

Multiple Vulnerabilities in Cisco ASA Software

Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20140409-asa

http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20140409-asa

Revision 1.1

Last Updated  2014 April 18 15:52  UTC (GMT)

For Public Release 2014 April 9 16:00  UTC (GMT)


Summary

Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software is affected by the following vulnerabilities:

  • Cisco ASA ASDM Privilege Escalation Vulnerability
  • Cisco ASA SSL VPN Privilege Escalation Vulnerability
  • Cisco ASA SSL VPN Authentication Bypass Vulnerability
  • Cisco ASA SIP Denial of Service Vulnerability
These vulnerabilities are independent of one another; a release that is affected by one of the vulnerabilities may not be affected by the others.

Successful exploitation of the Cisco ASA ASDM Privilege Escalation Vulnerability and the Cisco ASA SSL VPN Privilege Escalation Vulnerability may allow an attacker or an unprivileged user to elevate privileges and gain administrative access to the affected system.

Successful exploitation of the Cisco ASA SSL VPN Authentication Bypass Vulnerability may allow an attacker to obtain unauthorized access to the internal network via SSL VPN.

Successful exploitation of the Cisco ASA SIP Denial of Service Vulnerability may cause the exhaustion of available memory. This may cause system instability and in some cases lead to a reload of the affected system, creating a denial of service (DoS) condition.

Cisco has released free software updates that address these vulnerabilities. Workarounds that mitigate these vulnerabilities are available for some of the vulnerabilities. This advisory is available at the following link:
http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20140409-asa

Note: This security advisory does not provide information about the OpenSSL TLS Heartbeat Read Overrun Vulnerability identified by CVE-2014-0160 (also known as Heartbleed). For additional information regarding Cisco products affected by this vulnerability, refer to the Cisco Security Advisory at the following link: http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20140409-heartbleed

Affected Products

Cisco ASA Software running on the following products is affected by multiple vulnerabilities:
  • Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances
  • Cisco ASA 5500-X Series Next-Generation Firewalls
  • Cisco ASA Services Module for Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches and Cisco 7600 Series Routers
  • Cisco ASA 1000V Cloud Firewall

Affected releases of Cisco ASA Software will vary depending on the specific vulnerability. Consult the "Software Versions and Fixes" section of this security advisory for more information about the affected releases.

Vulnerable Products

Cisco ASA ASDM Privilege Escalation Vulnerability

Cisco ASA Software is affected by this vulnerability if Cisco Adaptive Security Device Manager (ASDM) access is enabled and there is at least one user with privilege level 0 in the Cisco ASA local user database.

To verify whether Cisco ASDM access is configured, use the show running-config http command and verify that the HTTP server is enabled. The following example shows a Cisco ASA with the Cisco ASDM access enabled:

asa# show running-config http 
http server enable

To verify whether any user in the Cisco ASA local user database has been assigned privilege level 0, use the show running-config username | include privilege 0 command and verify that the command returns output. The following example shows a Cisco ASA Software configured with the user cisco1 with privilege level 0 assigned.

asa# show running-config username | include privilege 0
username cisco1 password jmINXNH6p1BxUppp encrypted privilege 0
Note: Privilege level 0 is not assigned by default to any user.

Cisco ASA SSL VPN Privilege Escalation Vulnerability

Cisco ASA Software is affected by this vulnerability if the Cisco ASA Clientless or AnyConnect SSL VPN feature is enabled.

To determine whether the SSL VPN is enabled use the show running-config webvpn command.

The following example shows Cisco ASA Software with the SSL VPN feature enabled on the outside interface:

ciscoasa# show running-config webvpn
     webvpn
     enable outside

Note: Cisco ASA SSL VPN is disabled by default.

Cisco ASA SSL VPN Authentication Bypass Vulnerability

Cisco ASA Software is affected by this vulnerability if all the following conditions are met:
  • Cisco ASA Clientless or AnyConnect SSL VPN is enabled
  • The authorization-required command is not present under the general attribute configuration of the tunnel group used for Clientless or AnyConnect SSL VPN
To determine whether the Cisco ASA SSL VPN feature is enabled, use the show running-config webvpn command.

The following example shows Cisco ASA Software with the SSL VPN feature enabled on the outside interface:
ciscoasa# show running-config webvpn
     webvpn
     enable outside

To determine whether the authorization-required command is configured under the general attribute of a tunnel group, use the show running-config tunnel-group <tg-name> command. The following example shows a Cisco ASA configured with a tunnel group Clientless that use AAA for authentication and without the authorization-required command:

ciscoasa# show running-config tunnel-group Clientless
tunnel-group Clientless type remote-access
tunnel-group Clientless general-attributes
 authentication-server-group AAA_RADIUS
 authorization-server-group AAA_RADIUS
[...]

tunnel-group Clientless webvpn-attributes
 authentication aaa
[...]
Note: Cisco ASA SSL VPN is disabled by default. Devices running Cisco ASA Software releases prior to 8.4 are not affected by this vulnerability when both the following conditions are met:
  • The  Cisco HostScan feature is enabled
  • Certificate-only authentication is used for SSL VPN authentication

Cisco ASA SIP Denial of Service Vulnerability

Cisco ASA Software is affected by this vulnerability if the SIP inspection engine is configured. To determine whether SIP inspection is enabled, use the show service-policy | include sip command. The following example shows Cisco ASA Software with SIP inspection enabled:
ciscoasa# show service-policy | include sip
      Inspect: sip , packet 67, drop 0, reset-drop 0
Note: SIP inspection functionality is enabled by default.

Determining the Running Software Version

To determine whether a vulnerable version of Cisco ASA Software is running on an appliance, administrators can issue the show version command. The following example shows a device running Cisco ASA Software version 8.4(1):
ciscoasa#show version | include Version
Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance Software Version 8.4(1)
Device Manager Version 6.4(1)
Customers who use the Cisco ASDM to manage devices can locate the software version in the table that is displayed in the login window or the upper-left corner of the Cisco ASDM window.

Products Confirmed Not Vulnerable

No other Cisco products are currently known to be affected by these vulnerabilities.

Details

Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software is the operating system used by the Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances, the Cisco ASA 5500-X Next Generation Firewall, the Cisco ASA Services Module (ASASM) for Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches and Cisco 7600 Series Routers, and the Cisco ASA 1000V Cloud Firewall. The Cisco ASA family provides network security services such as firewall, intrusion prevention system (IPS), anti-X, and VPN.

Cisco ASA ASDM Privilege Escalation Vulnerability

A vulnerability in code that handles privilege assignment when the Cisco ASA device is accessed using the Cisco ASDM could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to elevate privileges and gain administrative access to the affected system.

The vulnerability is due to improper privilege assignment to users with privilege level 0. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by logging in to the Cisco ASDM with user credentials with privilege level 0. An exploit could allow the attacker or an unprivileged user to elevate the access privileges and gain administrative access to the affected system.

Note: Only traffic destined to the affected device can be used to exploit this vulnerability. This vulnerability affects Cisco ASA Software configured in routed or transparent firewall mode and single or multiple context mode. This vulnerability can be triggered by IP version 4 (IPv4) and IP version 6 (IPv6) traffic. A TCP three-way handshake is needed to exploit this vulnerability.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCuj33496 (registered customers only) and has been assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2014-2126.


Cisco ASA SSL VPN Privilege Escalation Vulnerability

A vulnerability in the code that handles management session information could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to elevate the assigned privilege and gain administrative access to the affected system.

The vulnerability is due to improper validation of user privileges when users are connected to the SSL VPN portal by using the Clientless SSL VPN feature. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by logging in to the SSL VPN portal and submitting crafted URLs. An exploit could allow the attacker or an unprivileged user to elevate privileges and gain administrative access to the affected system.

Note:
Only traffic destined to the affected device can be used to exploit this vulnerability. This vulnerability affects Cisco ASA Software configured in routed firewall mode and single context mode only. This vulnerability can be triggered by IPv4 and IPv6 traffic. A TCP three-way handshake is needed to exploit this vulnerability.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCul70099 (registered customers only) and has been assigned CVE ID CVE-2014-2127.

Cisco ASA SSL VPN Authentication Bypass Vulnerability

A vulnerability in the SSL VPN code could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to access the SSL VPN portal web page.

The vulnerability is due to improper handling of authentication cookies when the Cisco ASA SSL VPN feature is enabled. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by manually modifying the HTTP POST body with a forged cookie value or entering a crafted URL. An exploit could allow the attacker to gain unauthenticated access to the SSL VPN Portal page. Depending on the SSL VPN configuration, the attacker may also start a VPN tunnel by using Cisco AnyConnect.

In all cases, the attacker may gain unauthorized access to internal network resources.


Note: Only traffic destined to the affected device can be used to exploit this vulnerability. This vulnerability affects Cisco ASA Software configured in routed firewall mode and single context mode only. This vulnerability can be triggered by IPv4 and IPv6 traffic. A TCP three-way handshake is needed to exploit this vulnerability.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCua85555 (registered customers only) and has been assigned CVE ID CVE-2014-2128.

Cisco ASA SIP Denial of Service Vulnerability

A vulnerability in the SIP inspection engine code could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to exhaust available memory, which may cause instability or a reload of the affected system.

The vulnerability is due to improper handling of SIP packets inspected by the Cisco ASA SIP inspection engine. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending crafted SIP packets through the affected system. An exploit could allow the attacker to cause the exhaustion of available memory. This may cause system instability and in some cases lead to a reload of the affected system, creating a denial of service condition.

Note: Only transit traffic that is inspected by the Cisco ASA SIP inspection engine can be used to exploit this vulnerability. This vulnerability affects Cisco ASA Software configured in routed and transparent firewall mode and single or multiple context mode. This vulnerability can be triggered by IPv4 and IPv6 traffic.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCuh44052 (registered customers only) and has been assigned CVE ID CVE-2014-2129.

Vulnerability Scoring Details

Cisco has scored the vulnerabilities in this advisory based on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). The CVSS scoring in this security advisory is in accordance with CVSS version 2.0.

CVSS is a standards-based scoring method that conveys vulnerability severity and helps organizations determine the urgency and priority of a response.

Cisco has provided a base and temporal score. Customers can also compute environmental scores that help determine the impact of the vulnerability in their own networks.

Cisco has provided additional information regarding CVSS at the following link:

http://www.cisco.com/web/about/security/intelligence/cvss-qandas.html

Cisco has also provided a CVSS calculator to compute the environmental impact for individual networks at the following link:

http://intellishield.cisco.com/security/alertmanager/cvss



CSCuj33496 - Cisco ASA ASDM Privilege Escalation Vulnerability

Calculate the environmental score of CSCuj33496

CVSS Base Score - 8.5

Access Vector

Access Complexity

Authentication

Confidentiality Impact

Integrity Impact

Availability Impact

Network

Medium

Single

Complete

Complete

Complete

CVSS Temporal Score - 7.0

Exploitability

Remediation Level

Report Confidence

Functional

Official-Fix

Confirmed




CSCul70099 - Cisco ASA SSL VPN Privilege Escalation Vulnerability

Calculate the environmental score of CSCul70099

CVSS Base Score - 8.5

Access Vector

Access Complexity

Authentication

Confidentiality Impact

Integrity Impact

Availability Impact

Network

Medium

Single

Complete

Complete

Complete

CVSS Temporal Score - 7.0

Exploitability

Remediation Level

Report Confidence

Functional

Official-Fix

Confirmed




CSCua85555 - Cisco ASA SSL VPN Authentication Bypass Vulnerability

Calculate the environmental score of CSCua85555

CVSS Base Score - 5.0

Access Vector

Access Complexity

Authentication

Confidentiality Impact

Integrity Impact

Availability Impact

Network

Low

None

Partial

None

None

CVSS Temporal Score - 4.4

Exploitability

Remediation Level

Report Confidence

High

Official-Fix

Confirmed




CSCuh44052 - Cisco ASA SIP Denial of Service Vulnerability

Calculate the environmental score of CSCuh44052

CVSS Base Score - 7.1

Access Vector

Access Complexity

Authentication

Confidentiality Impact

Integrity Impact

Availability Impact

Network

Medium

None

None

None

Complete

CVSS Temporal Score - 5.9

Exploitability

Remediation Level

Report Confidence

Functional

Official-Fix

Confirmed


Impact

Successful exploitation of the Cisco ASA ASDM Privilege Escalation Vulnerability and Cisco ASA SSL VPN Privilege Escalation Vulnerability may allow an attacker or an unprivileged user to elevate privileges and gain administrative access to the affected system.

Successful exploitation of the Cisco ASA SSL VPN Authentication Bypass Vulnerability may allow an attacker to gain unauthenticated access to the SSL VPN portal page. Depending on the SSL VPN autolaunch and web launch configuration, the attacker may also start a VPN tunnel via AnyConnect.
If the AnyConnect client cannot be launched based on a SSL VPN authentication, it may still be possible to establish an SSL VPN tunnel based on the SSL VPN cookie that was passed to the browser when the SSL VPN session was created. In all cases, the attacker may gain unauthorized access to internal network resources.

Successful exploitation of the Cisco ASA SIP Denial of Service Vulnerability may cause the exhaustion of available memory. This may cause system instability and in some case lead to a reload of the affected system creating a DoS condition.

Software Versions and Fixes

When considering software upgrades, customers are advised to consult the Cisco Security Advisories, Responses, and Notices archive at http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt and review subsequent advisories to determine exposure and a complete upgrade solution.

In all cases, customers should ensure that the devices to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and confirm that current hardware and software configurations will continue to be supported properly by the new release. If the information is not clear, customers are advised to contact the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) or their contracted maintenance providers.

In February 2014, Cisco announced details of an industry-wide issue with memory components manufactured by a single supplier between 2005 and 2010. Although the majority of Cisco products that use these components are experiencing field failure rates below expected levels, a device reload or power cycle could expose component failures. While there are no known security implications associated with this issue, a subset of the affected products may experience a memory component failure during the software upgrade process. Cisco recommends customers review the related information and product-specific field notices at www.cisco.com/go/memory before making upgrade decisions. Each Field Notice indicates whether the product could experience the memory component failure during a software upgrade.

Each row of the following Cisco ASA Software table lists the first fixed release for each of the vulnerabilities described in this advisory for each Cisco ASA major release. The last row of the table gives information about the release version that includes the fix for all the vulnerabilities described in this advisory for each Cisco ASA major release. Customers should upgrade to a release that is equal to or later than these release versions.



7.01
7.11
7.2
8.01
8.11
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
9.0
9.1
 9.2

Cisco ASA ASDM Privilege Escalation Vulnerability - CSCuj33496

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

8.2(5.47)

Not Affected

8.4(7.5)

Not Affected

Not Affected

8.7(1.11)

9.0(3.10)

9.1(3.4)

Not Affected

Cisco ASA SSL VPN Privilege Escalation Vulnerability - CSCul70099

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

Migrate to 8.2.x or later

Migrate to 8.2.x or later

8.2(5.48)

8.3(2.40)

8.4(7.9)

Not Affected

8.6(1.13)

Not Affected

9.0(4.1)

9.1(4.3)

Not Affected
Cisco ASA SSL VPN Authentication Bypass Vulnerability - CSCua85555

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

8.2(5.47)

8.3(2.40)

8.4(7.3)

Not Affected

8.6(1.13)

Not Affected

9.0(3.8)

9.1(3.2)

Not Affected
Cisco ASA SIP Denial of Service Vulnerability - CSCuh44052

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

8.2(5.48)

Not Affected

8.4(6.5)

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

9.0(3.1)

9.1(2.5)

Not Affected
Recommended release that fixes all the vulnerabilities in this security advisory

Not Affected

Not Affected

Not Affected

Migrate to 8.2.x or later

Migrate to 8.2.x or later

8.2(5.48) or later

8.3(2.40) or later

8.4(7.15) or later

Not Affected

8.6(1.13) or later

8.7(1.11) or later

9.0(4.1) or later

9.1(4.5) or later

Not Affected

1Cisco ASA Software versions 7.0, 7.1, 8.0, and 8.1 reached End of Software Maintenance. Cisco customers running these versions of Cisco ASA Software should migrate to a supported version.

Note: Cisco ASA Software version 9.2.x will be available within few weeks from the advisory publication.

Software Download

Cisco ASA Software can be downloaded from the Software Center on Cisco.com by visiting http://www.cisco.com/cisco/software/navigator.html

For Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances and Cisco ASA 5500-X Next Generation Firewall navigate to Products > Security > Firewalls > Adaptive Security Appliances (ASA) > Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances > <your Cisco ASA model> > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software. Please note that some of these versions are interim versions and can be found by expanding the Interim tab on the download page.

For the Cisco ASA Services Module for Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches and Cisco 7600 Series Routers, navigate to Products > Cisco Interfaces and Modules > Cisco Services Modules > Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series / 7600 Series ASA Services Module > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software. Please note that some of these versions are interim versions and can be found by expanding the Interim tab on the download page.

For the Cisco ASA 1000V Cloud Firewall, navigate to Products > Security > Firewalls > Adaptive Security Appliances (ASA) > Cisco ASA 1000V Cloud Firewall > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software.

Workarounds

Cisco ASA ASDM Privilege Escalation Vulnerability

To workaround this vulnerability, administrators can assign privilege level 1 instead of privilege level 0 to users. The privilege assignment can be overridden by reapplying the command with the new privilege level.

The following example shows how to change the privilege level for the user cisco1 in the Cisco ASA local user database from level 0 to level 1.

asa(config)# username cisco1 password <password> privilege 1 

Note: This command will override the password value as well. Depending on the specific configuration, assigning privilege level 1 instead of privilege level 0 may allow authorization to commands that user with privilege level 0 would normally not have access to. Customers should carefully evaluate of the workaround is acceptable in their environment.


Cisco ASA SSL VPN Privilege Escalation Vulnerability

There is no workaround that mitigates this vulnerability other than disabling the SSL VPN feature.


Cisco ASA SSL VPN Authentication Bypass Vulnerability

The Cisco ASA Dynamic Access Policy (DAP) feature can be used as a workaround to terminate any connection that does not have a username by creating a DAP record that contains the terminate action, and is selected based on the following advanced selection rule: aaa.cisco.username == ""

This workaround applies to all vulnerable releases.

Note: This workaround could break deployments that allow nameless sessions to be created. This will occur when certificate-only authentication is used and the Cisco ASA is not configured to extract a username from the user’s certificate.


Cisco ASA SIP Denial of Service Vulnerability

Disabling SIP inspection will mitigate this vulnerability.

The following commands will disable the SIP inspection that is configured by default:
ciscoasa(config)# policy-map global_policy
ciscoasa(config-pmap)# class inspection_default
ciscoasa(config-pmap-c)# no inspect sip

Obtaining Fixed Software

Cisco has released free software updates that address the vulnerabilities described in this advisory. Prior to deploying software, customers are advised to consult their maintenance providers or check the software for feature set compatibility and known issues that are specific to their environments.

Customers may only install and expect support for feature sets they have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing, or otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to follow the terms of the Cisco software license at http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/general/warranty/English/EU1KEN_.html.

Customers with Service Contracts

Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their regular update channels. For most customers, upgrades should be obtained through the Software Navigator on Cisco.com at http://www.cisco.com/cisco/software/navigator.html.

Customers Using Third-Party Support Organizations

Customers with Cisco products that are provided or maintained through prior or existing agreements with third-party support organizations, such as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers, should contact that organization for assistance with the appropriate course of action.

The effectiveness of any workaround or fix depends on specific customer situations, such as product mix, network topology, traffic behavior, and organizational mission. Because of the variety of affected products and releases, customers should consult their service providers or support organizations to ensure that any applied workaround or fix is the most appropriate in the intended network before it is deployed.

Customers Without Service Contracts

Customers who purchase directly from Cisco but do not hold a Cisco service contract and customers who make purchases through third-party vendors but are unsuccessful in obtaining fixed software through their point of sale should obtain upgrades by contacting the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC):

  • +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
  • +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
  • e-mail: tac@cisco.com

Customers should have the product serial number available and be prepared to provide the URL of this advisory as evidence of entitlement to a free upgrade. Customers without service contracts should request free upgrades through the TAC.

Refer to Cisco Worldwide Contacts at http://www.cisco.com/en/US/support/tsd_cisco_worldwide_contacts.html for additional TAC contact information, including localized telephone numbers, instructions, and e-mail addresses for support in various languages.

Exploitation and Public Announcements

The Cisco Product Security Incident Response Team (PSIRT) is not aware of any public announcements or malicious use of the vulnerabilities that are described in this advisory.

The Cisco ASA ASDM Privilege Escalation Vulnerability and Cisco ASA SIP Denial of Service Vulnerability were discovered during the resolution of support cases.

The Cisco ASA SSL VPN Privilege Escalation Vulnerability was reported to Cisco by Jonathan Claudius from Trustwave SpiderLabs and Laura Guay from Dell SecureWorks.

The Cisco ASA SSL VPN Authentication Bypass Vulnerability was reported to Cisco by Daniel Cannon and Simon Whitehouse from IRM PLC.

Status of This Notice: Final

THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY ANY KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS AT YOUR OWN RISK. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.

A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that omits the distribution URL in the following section is an uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain factual errors.


Distribution

This advisory is posted on Cisco Security Intelligence Operations at the following link:

http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20140409-asa

Additionally, a text version of this advisory is clear signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and circulated among the following e-mail addresses:

  • cust-security-announce@cisco.com
  • first-bulletins@lists.first.org
  • bugtraq@securityfocus.com
  • vulnwatch@vulnwatch.org
  • cisco@spot.colorado.edu
  • cisco-nsp@puck.nether.net
  • full-disclosure@lists.grok.org.uk

Future updates of this advisory, if any, will reside on Cisco.com but may not be announced on mailing lists. Users can monitor this advisory's URL for any updates.


Revision History

Revision 1.1 2014-April-18 Updated information about the SSL VPN vulnerabilities.
Revision 1.0 2014-April-09 Initial public release.

Cisco Security Procedures

Complete information about reporting security vulnerabilities in Cisco products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and registering to receive security information from Cisco is available on Cisco.com at http://www.cisco.com/web/about/security/psirt/security_vulnerability_policy.html. This web page includes instructions for press inquiries regarding Cisco Security Advisories. All Cisco Security Advisories are available at http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt.


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