Vulnerability Alert

Microsoft Office Word Rich Text Format Data Processing Arbitrary Code Execution Vulnerability

 
Threat Type:CWE-94: Code Injection
IntelliShield ID:25783
Version:2
First Published:2012 May 08 13:24 GMT
Last Published:2012 November 16 15:42 GMT
Port: Not available
CVE:CVE-2012-0183
Urgency:Unlikely Use
Credibility:Confirmed
Severity:Moderate Damage
CVSS Base:9.3 CVSS Calculator
CVSS Version 2.0
CVSS Temporal:6.9
 
Version Summary:Additional technical information is available to address the Microsoft Office Word Rich Text Format data processing arbitrary code execution vulnerability.
 
 
Description
Microsoft Office Word contains a vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on a targeted system.

The vulnerability is due to improper processing of documents. An unauthenticated, remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability by convincing a user to view a malicious image. If successful, the attacker could execute arbitrary code on the system.

Microsoft confirmed the vulnerability in a security bulletin and released software updates.
 
Warning Indicators
The following Microsoft applications are affected:
  • Microsoft Word 2003 SP3 and prior
  • Microsoft Word 2007 SP3 and prior
  • Microsoft Office for Mac 2008
  • Microsoft Office for Mac 2011
  • Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack for Word, Excel, and PowerPoint 2007 File Formats SP3 and prior
 
IntelliShield Analysis
To exploit the vulnerability, the attacker may provide a file to the user and persuade the user to open or execute the file by using misleading language or instructions.

The Cisco Applied Intelligence team has created an Applied Mitigation Bulletin to address vulnerabilities that Microsoft disclosed in the May 2012 security bulletin release. This Cisco bulletin, which assists administrators in identifying or mitigating these vulnerabilities using Cisco devices, is available at the following link: Cisco Applied Mitigation Bulletin: Microsoft Security Bulletin Release for May 2012
 
Vendor Announcements
Microsoft has released a security bulletin at the following link: MS12-029 
 
Impact
An unauthenticated, remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code on the system with the privileges of the user. If the user holds elevated privileges, the attacker could execute code that results in a complete system compromise.
 
Technical Information
The vulnerability is due to insufficient validation of object definitions by the lexical analysis component of the affected software when the component analyzes control words in an RTF file.

An unauthenticated, remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability by crafting an RTF file with no terminating values and convincing a user to open a document or e-mail message that the contains malicious RTF content. When processed, the malicious content could cause the affected software to reuse a freed object in memory, resulting in memory corruption that the attacker could use to execute arbitrary code on the system with the privileges of the user. If the user holds elevated privileges, the attacker could completely compromise the system.
 
Safeguards
Administrators are advised to apply the appropriate updates.

Users are advised not to open e-mail messages from suspicious or unrecognized sources. If users cannot verify that links or attachments included in e-mail messages are safe, they are advised not to open them.

Users are advised to read e-mail in plain text.

Users may consider applying the Microsoft Office Isolated Conversion Environment (MOICE) to safely open Word, Excel, and PowerPoint files from suspicious or unrecognized sources on systems that are running Microsoft Office 2003 or Office 2007.

Administrators may consider using the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) scan tool to identify common security misconfigurations and missing security updates on system endpoints.

Administrators are advised to monitor affected systems.
 
Patches/Software
Microsoft customers can obtain updates directly by using the links in the security bulletin. These updates are also distributed by Windows automatic update features and available on the Windows Update website. Microsoft Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), Systems Management Server, and System Center Configuration Manager can assist administrators in deploying software updates.

Signatures
 
Cisco Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) 6.0
Signature IDSignature NameReleaseLatest Release Date
1183/0Microsoft Word RTF Heap OverrunS6462012 May 08 
 
Alert History
 
Version 1, May 8, 2012, 1:24 PM: Microsoft Office Word contains a vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on a targeted system. Updates are available.


Product Sets
 
The security vulnerability applies to the following combinations of products.

Primary Products:
Microsoft, Inc.Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack for Word, Excel, and PowerPoint 2007 File Formats Original Release Base, SP1, SP2, SP3
Microsoft, Inc.Office for Mac 2008 Base | 2011 Base
Microsoft, Inc.Word 2003 Base, SP1, SP2, SP3 | 2007 Base, SP1, SP2, SP3

Associated Products:
Microsoft, Inc.Office 2003 Base, SP1, SP2, SP3 | 2007 Base, SP1, SP2, SP3




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