Juniper has released a security bulletin and updated packages to address the OpenSSL SSL, TLS, and DTLS plaintext recovery attack vulnerability.
OpenSSL contains a vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to obtain sensitive information.
The vulnerability is due to improper handling of cryptographic algorithms during the message authentication code (MAC) processing of a ciphertext message. An unauthenticated, remote attacker could exploit the vulnerability by transmitting crafted session initiation packets to a targeted system. A successful attack could allow the attacker to obtain sensitive information used to secure the communication channels.
OpenSSL has confirmed the vulnerability and released software updates.
OpenSSL versions 1.0.1c and prior, 1.0.0j and prior, and 0.9.8x and prior are vulnerable.
The vendor report indicates this vulnerability could be partially mitigated when OpenSSL is used in conjunction with the OpenSSL FIPS Object Module and the FIPS mode of operation is enabled.
OpenSSL has released a security advisory at the following link: secadv_20130204
Apple has released a security advisory at the following link: HT5880
VMware has re-released a security advisory at the following link: VMSA-2013-0009
An unauthenticated, remote attacker could exploit the vulnerability to obtain sensitive cryptographic information used while processing the Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) cipher suites. The attacker could use this information to conduct man-in-the-middle or spoofing attacks.
The vulnerability is due to how the CBC cipher suites are used in the SSL, Transport Layer Security (TLS), and Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) protocols. Insufficient cryptographic complexity during the decryption process of MAC in a ciphertext message could allow plaintext recovery timing attacks.
An unauthenticated, remote attacker could exploit the vulnerability by transmitting brute-forced session requests crafted with payload data to a targeted system. While the MAC codes are decrypting, the attacker could use the timing differences to gain knowledge about the message payload.
Administrators are advised to apply the appropriate updates.
Administrators may consider using an alternate product.
Administrators may consider using IP-based access control lists (ACLs) to allow only trusted systems to access the affected systems.
OpenSSL has released updated versions at the following links:
Oracle customers are advised to acquire the Solaris 9 and 10 updates via normal Oracle support channels.
Red Hat has released updated software for registered subscribers at the following link: Red Hat Network. Red Hat packages can be updated on Red Hat Enterprise Linux versions 5 and later using the yum tool.
Red Hat has released updated packages for registered users at the following links:
The security vulnerability applies to the following combinations of products.
0.9.8 Base | 0.9.8a Base | 0.9.8b Base | 0.9.8c Base | 0.9.8d Base | 0.9.8e Base | 0.9.8f Base | 0.9.8g Base | 0.9.8h Base | 0.9.8i Base | 0.9.8j Base | 0.9.8k Base | 0.9.8l Base | 0.9.8m Base | 0.9.8n Base | 0.9.8o Base | 0.9.8p Base | 0.9.8q Base | 0.9.8r Base | 0.9.8s Base | 0.9.8t Base | 0.9.8u Base | 0.9.8v Base | 0.9.8w Base | 0.9.8x Base | 1.0.0 Base | 1.0.0a Base | 1.0.0b Base | 1.0.0c Base | 1.0.0d Base | 1.0.0e Base | 1.0.0f Base | 1.0.0g Base | 1.0.0h Base | 1.0.0i Base | 1.0.0j Base | 1.0.1 Base | 1.0.1a Base | 1.0.1b Base | 1.0.1c Base
Mac OS X
10.6.8 Base | 10.7.5 Base | 10.8 Base | 10.8.1 Base | 10.8.2 Base | 10.8.3 Base | 10.8.4 Base
4.0 Base | 4.1 Base | 5.0 Base, update 1, update 2 | 5.1 Base
VMware ESX Server
4.0 Base | 4.1 Base
4.0 Base | 4.1 Base | 5.0 Base | 5.1 Base
The urgency and severity ratings of this alert are not tailored to individual users; users may value alerts differently based upon their network configurations and circumstances. THE ALERT, AND INFORMATION CONTAINED THEREIN, ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DO NOT IMPLY ANY KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE ALERT, AND INFORMATION CONTAINED THEREIN, OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE ALERT, IS AT YOUR OWN RISK. INFORMATION IN THIS ALERT AND ANY RELATED COMMUNICATIONS IS BASED ON OUR KNOWLEDGE AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE ALERTS AT ANY TIME.